list the top 10 air polluted cities and what is wrong with their air.
sacramento, calif air guality index was more than 100. ozone caused the high pollution levels.
fesno, calif same problems as sacramento.
bkers field, calif ozone and pariculate matter are the main problem.
riverside san bernadino, calif for 97 days the air quality was over 100.
houston, texas had 54 days were the air was over 100. ozone was the problem.
atlanta, ga ha 69 days where the air was over 100.ozone was the prblem.
nashville, tenn. had 45 days where the air was over 100. ozen was the problem.
louisville, ky. had 44 days wher the air was over 100. ozone as the problem.
knoxville, tenn. had 62 days wher the air was over 100. ozone was the problem.
charlotte gastonia n.c. rockitill s.c. had 42 days where the air was over 100. ozone was the problem.

sources of smog list the smog sources in the picture and what makes them.
nox vocs-cars
vocs- refineries and chem. plants
nox vocs- factories
so2 pm- power plants
diesel particles- trucks buses, etc.

In pollutants across America, summarize the pollutants under the map (what they are, what causes them, health problems)

Carbon Monoxide: cause it, the carbon in fuels that does not completely burn, health problems: breathing in the vehicles exhaust
volatile Organic Compounds: causes it, motor vehicles, chemical plants, refineries, factories,ect., health problems: breathing in the air from the chemical plants, motor vehicles, etc.
Nitrogen Dioxide: causes it, nitric oxygen, health problems: the automobile, and power plants
pariculate Matter: causes it solid particles and liquid droplets in the air, health problems: inhaled air and accumulate in the respiratory system
Sulfur Dioxide: causes it, the burning of coal and oil, health problems: breathing in the gas from the power plants

Explain air quality Index and what each level means (0-50,etc) what risks are with each level?

0-50 good the risks air quality satisfactory, air pollution poses little or no risk
51-100 moderate the risks air quality acceptable, pollutants modernate health concern a very small number of individuals
101-150 unhealthy the risks heart disease, respiratory disease
151-200 unhealthy the risks more serious health effects
201-300 very unhealthy the risks experience more serious health effects
301-500 hazardous the risks emergency conditions

Afton Cars and trucks, off road
changed when I clicked the green button a graph comes up.
the effect of that starts good then goes up to bad or unhealthy
changed when I turn the cars and trucks dial the whole way it goes up then down
the effect the cars go faster than the trucks
changed I turned the off road dial the whole way I got a plane that says spare the air!
effect I only got one regular air plane if I turned the dial the whole way to the left.

caleb dobson
if its high it is unhealthy. the second section is unhealthy for sensitive groups.
low is also unhealthy for sensitive groups.
the middle is unhealthy it herts people with ashma.
consumer products
middle is modrate on a cloudy day.but unehealthy on a nice day.
on the second bar every things good at 5 am.
low it stays good.
4 bar is unhealthy at around 2:00.
with industry low and consumer products high it makes it unhealthy for sensitive people.
with industry at the same place as consume products its good.

total # of lights
  1. of lights on
  1. of windows
  1. of blinds open
deraction windows face
  1. of applinces
200-204 and bathroom

1.disscous ways to save energy in your area. energy effecent lights. turn of the tv when done with it. for light open your blinds.keep half the lights off. turn the sink off in the bathroom when done.

2.where is most energy bening used foor.the lights and the computers use up most of the energy.

appliance survey
do you over load your dish washer?
do you open your dish washer door after they are washed so they can dry faster?
do you keep your refrigerator at 40 degrees?
do you allow frost to build up in your refrigerator?
do you cover liquids in your refrigerator?
do you keep burners clean?
do you unplug the toaster after each use?
do you use microwave ovens?
do you small electric pans instead of the oven?
do you over dry your cloths?
do you use the cold down system in your dryer?
do you use the appropriate amount of water in the washer machine?
do you clean the lint filter after every use of the dryer?
do you air dry your cloths?
do you have a moister sensor in your dryer?
do you wash your cloths in cold water?
do you check your circuit breaker daily?
do you have to many appliances plugged into a energy outlet?
do you unplug the blender after every use?
do you check to see if there is a short fuse in your trash compacter?
do you turn off the gas when you are done with the oven.
is the refrigerator opened and closed quickly?

qualities of life
art pencil paper pens ink paint clay pastels brushes by at a store
music gatar all instroments radio
cloths fabric electricity
tv eletricity
cars gas oil electric
movies cameras eletric
water electric rain
soup oven pan electiric
toilet electric water
tooth brush plastic fiber bateries
tooth past past mint extract
mouth wash alchol good taste
lotions extract of things
computers electric cords
glasses plastic class
color nater like roucks
school books eletiric
hospitals eletric
fire departments elitric truks hoses
vetanareans eletric
books trees
snow shovel meatel and wood or plastic
garden tools meadel and wood
candy sugar eletric
coffe sugar vanilla elitric
tea sugar milk fire
snow sleds plastic
stores eletric
big macs meat latece onians bread and electric
food eletric
pop sugar
boats oil gas electric
news electric
radio electric
amusment parks electric
alphabet leaters
writing pencil paper trees
play station electri
video games electrec tv
stapeler meatel

harry potter paper
clocks eletric
pencils trees
ipods electric money
mp3 electric money
internet electric money
swimming pools water cement plastic
hair dye money store

total times1 day
gallons / time
total gallons
gallons for 5 days
flushing toilet
5 gallons
25 gallons
125 gallons
300 gallons
1500 gallons
brushing teeth
washing dishes
washing machine
floor washing
1 a week

total amount of gallons

Number people in Water Usage Analysis _
Average gallons of water used per person per day _
Average gallons of water used per person each week.
Gallons of water used per person per year
1. Compare the numbers you obtained with the national per person average (106 gal/day), which is considered excessive by global standards..
2. Discuss other areas that you use water that are not included in this analysis such as at work (flushing toilets, washing hands, drinking water, eating food at work, eating out, car wash, swimming, showering at the gym or at work, athletic events, etc.....). Estimate how many more gallons you consume per day and compare this to the national average. If it is currently winter, how would watering your lawn, washing your car, kids playing in the sprinklers, watering the garden, etc... during the summer affect the number of gallons that are being used annually. Now how do you compare to the national average?

3. Develop a plan to reduce your water usage by 10%. Be detailed.

4. How does your water usage compare with water usage in other parts of the world (developing countries)?
Why is there such a big difference? The following information is from this link.
Water Use Around the World
Two-thirds of the people in the world use less than 13 gallons (49 liters) of water a day.

ways to get oil out of water. by caleb dobson, afton domino, and ashley klohr
you could use a large vacume to suck the oil out of the water.
you could vibrate the oil out of the
you also could filter the oil out of the
use a drain to get the water out from under the oil.
use oil eating chemicals to eat the
burn the oil of the water
use organoclays to clean the water.

el nino- could have dramaticimpacts on both the weather and economies around the globe. large scale ocean and atmospheric phenomenon. el nino represents the worm phase of the el nino/ southern oscillationcycle. originally feferred to an annual warming of the sea surface.

a nina- refers to the periodic cooling og ocean surface temperatures. la nina represents the cool phase of the el nino/ southeern oscillation cycle. somtimes referred to as a pacifec cold episode.

our hypothesis is it will be a el nino year.
our resson for chooseing this is, because the weather is a lot wormer than last year's.

our starting volume was over 100.
we used a soponge to clean the water.
our ending volume is 22.

our starting volume is 20.4
we used a coffe filter.
our ending volume is 5

our starting volume is 5
we used a coffe folter
our ending volume is 5.2

caleb typed afton and ashley did the dirty work
our starting volume is 20
we used a coffee filter
our ending volume is 3
we took turns answering questions.
our starting and ending volume is 2.

El nino/La nina

Follow the following link.
**National Weather Service's Climate Prediction Center: Frequently Asked Questions about El Nino and La Nina**

Read about characteristics of el nino and la nina. Write down facts about both on a worksheet and then compile your notes on the spot on the wiki. Form a hypothesis and make a prediction for one of the following:
This year will be an el nino year.
This year will be a la nina year.
This will be a normal year.

From here on, you will collect real time data of locations from the following site: **Realtime Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) Data**

Click on "Data Display".

Click on "Time series plots".

Select averaging: click the "daily" button.

Choose the buoy location. On the gray grid of buoy locations, check the box at your coordinates. For example: 110W, Eq (Eq stands for Equator, that is 0 degrees north). That is 110 west, 0 north. Your ooordinate is listed below above your data table.

Select sensors: Scroll down to pick up which data you would like to see. Adjust the checkmarks so that only the 4 following boxes are checked: Wind speed, wind direction, air temperature, SST (surface sea temperature).

Select time range: Choose the data range you want to look at. Because there is a lag in time for data being posted to the website, adjust the date for "begin" to be 3 days before today's date. "End" can stay at "latest".

Click "Make plot". A graph will appear in a new window. Read the most recent data point and record it in your table. Make sure you record all 4 readings.

If data does not exist for your location, choose the nearest possible location that does have all the data. Be sure to write down its coordinates.

your coordinate: 180 west, 5 north
Air temp.
Sea Level temp. (SST)
Wind speed
Wind direction
the hole group
1. Visit the team pages, to find the data sea level temperature and wind direction for 110 west, 0 North and 147 East, 0 North. Write the data here:
sst- 29.50afton

WD- 120afton

2. A normal year would have the following data. Decide what an el nino and la nina year would be and complete the chart.

normal year
el nino year
la nina year
sea level temp.
110 W, 0 N
July-Dec.: 22-23 C
Jan.-June: 25-26 C
sea level temp.
147 E, 0 N
Jan.-Mar.: 28-29 C
Apr.-Dec.: 29-30 C
wind direction
110 W, 0 N
East to west winds
wind direction
147 E, 0 N
East to west winds
caleb ashley and afton
3. Based on the data from #1 and what you put in the chart for #2, is the world currently in an El nino or la nina cycle? Explain your answer. its in the el nino cycle. because the world is geting warmer and the snow is melting faster than usual. caleb

4. Does your answer for #3 agree with the hypothesis your team made before starting to collect data? yes it does. caleb

5. Look at the other buoys from other teams. Which of those buoys help to decide whether it is an el nino or la nina year? afton found the stuf and caleb typed it and so did ashley.
tardacles cordents are 110 west, 0 north air temp 22.280 22.20 23.20 22.35 23.83 2.80 22.8
sea level temp 22.30 22.24 23.9 22.43 24.47 22.90 23.04
wind speed 3.9 3.1 2.5 2.93 4.0 4.89 3.6
wind direction 336 328 342 241 346.5 326.5 320
el nino
Caleb, Afton and Ashley

juke's cordents are 147 east 0 north
air temp 28.3 27.9 28.21 28.22 28.20 28.32 28.19
Sea Level Temp. 29.69 29.54 29.57 29.60 29.403 29.43 29.54
Wind Speed 3 1.9 2.6 3.5 4.5 5.2 3.45
Wind Direction 168 148 171 184 153 145 161.5
la nina
Caleb, Afton and Ashley

dead level coordinates 95west, 8north
air temp 25.30
sea level temp 25.97
wind speed 3.6
wind direction ---
la nina
caleb afton and ashley

Water boys cordnets 155 west 8s
air temp 162.392
sea level temp 118.55
wind speed 45.36
wind direction 1160.93
el nino
caleb afton and ashley
6. How do you think the conditions you tracked will influence global weather patterns? Use the following websites for more information:

**El Nino Related Global Temperature and Precipitation Patterns**
Warmer than normal conditions during December-February across southeastern Asia, southeastern Africa, Japan, southern Alaska and western/central.
Cooler than normal conditions during December-February along the Gulf coast of the United States. Afton and Ashley
**La Nina Related Global Temperature and Precipitation Patterns**
Below-normal temperatures during December-February over southeastern Africa, Japan, southern Alaska and western/central Canada, and southeastern Brazil.
Cooler than normal conditions during June-August across India and southeastern Asia, along the west coast of South America.
Warmer than normal conditions during December-February along the Gulf coast of the United States. Afton and Ashley

7. Based on the data you gathered, what kind of weather predictions can you make for western PA this winter? Use the following website:
**El Nino and La Nina Related Winter Features Over North America**
Snowy and cold. Afton and Ashley

Foul water analysis:

Rewrite your information to include the following parts:
A. Procedure - tell specifically what you did including use of equipment in all the steps of the water cleaning. This should make sense to another person and they should be able to repeat your procedure by reading it.
we first made a cone like shape with the coffee filter. then we poured a third of the water into the coffee filter which is in the becker then we pored in charcle then we waited for the results.
B. Materials you used we used a sponge and a coffe filter
C. Results. Use a table like below or create a similar one:

Filtration method
Volume before
Volume after
Observations (look,smell...)
Removing oil
looked yellowy, smelled like garlic
Removing solids
looked like charcle, smelled like bad gas
Removing cloudiness
looked yellowy,smelled like garlic

D. Analysis. Split up the work so that everyone is working on a different questions (put your name with your answer).
1. What is your percent recovery? Take the final volume divided by the starting volume and times it by 100. You will have a number between 0 and 100. 21.40 caleb
2. Do a search on potable water. What does potable mean?potabel means a liqiud that is suitable for drinking. caleb and afton
3. Can any water source become potable through filtration alone? Why or why not? yes becouse filteration cleans it . caleb and ashley
4. Could any other substances still be in the water?yes but small particals. caleb afton and ashley
5. What would be the danger of drinking the water now? you could get sick or deathley ill. caleb afton and ashlet
6. 6. Compare how you cleaned the water with how actual waste water is cleaned. Go to we both used things that can be bought. Discuss the parts of waste water cleaning that are just like what we did.we both use filters. crit colecters
7. What parts of waste water treatment from the website did we not do in the lab? Why are they used in waste water treatment? bar screens pump stations and primary sedmintation tanks. we didnt do these because theyer to much money. caleb
8. Do a general search for other substances that can be in water that would need to be removed. oil dirt bottles chemical waste liter . caleb and ashley