Genetics Project!


I compared our 7th period class with the 5thperiod class, I combined the numbers with a certain trait together as well as the the numbers of boys and girls without a certain trait from both classes. One of the traits that I compared with our classes was having/not having dimples. Having dimples is a dominant trait. In the seventh period class, out of 19 total students, only six of them had dimples while thirteen did not. This also goes against the fact that dimples are a dominant trait. More people in in fifth period had dimples than in seventh. Another trait that I compared was having freckles. Having freckles is a dominant trait also.Out of 27 total students in fifth period, only ten of them had dimples while seventeen did not. This goes against the fact that dimples are dominant. Out of the 27 total students in fifth period, only four people had freckles leaving twenty three without. In seventh period with a total of 19 students, six of them had freckles while thirteen of them were without. The statistics from both fifth and seventh period go against the fact that freckles is dominant. More people in seventh people had the dominant trait than those in fifth.



1.) white forelock/no white forelock. Having a white forelock is a dominant trait although the surveyed numbers are in favor of not having a white forelock. Out of the same class of 17 only one person had a white forelock while 16 did not. This also backs up the statement that dominant traits are not always the most seen ones.

2.) attached/free earlobes . Having your ears be free is a dominant trait, and the surveyed numbers back this statement up. Out of a class of 17 total kids, 12 of them had free earlobes while 5 of them had attached ones.

2-15-08
Diffusion Osmosis lab
today me and matt worked on the diffusion/osmosis lab. more specifically we worked on part A of the packet while dereck and Adam worked on part B.

First, we got the beaker and filled it with the reccomended amount of water and phenol.
Next, we filled the beaker A with ammonia and placed the beaker with water 2.5 inches above the water.
We let that set there for 10 minutes starting at 1:45.
At 1:55 me and Matt observed the results.
The result was that even though the dialasis tubing was covering the top of the beaker, the fumes from the ammonia leaked through leaving purple/pink streaks in the water with phenol.

Matt and I are now starting part C. We put water into the beaker and then put potassium crystals into the water. After waiting 5 minuets, we observed that the water has turned yellow. this to me looks like the process of diffusion because even though it involved water, it was the potassium spreading throughout the water.

For part E, me and wolfe worked on this one. We let the cell sit in the saltwater for 30 minutes and took it out at 2:45 and placed it on the triple beam balance. at first, the cell weighed 4g. after being in the saltwater it weighed 3.7g. it losed mass. in my opinion this is osmosis. the water went into the saltwater. also, the water is big enough to go through the holes but not the salt.





2-20-08
Today in Class our group worked on the Cell portfolio project now called "An Anti-Westover Production" oh joy! We (Me and Murdock) worked yesterday in class on the general layout of it and today we actually put it up on the wiki.






3-10-08
Consumer awareness
product
target audience
hook
messege
sounds
visual appeal
descriptive words
Carseat commercial
people under 4'9"
show seats for cinderella
people under 4'9" must ride in a carseat.
magical sounds
cinderella
4'9" is the magical number
cookie crisp
younger kids
they stop the wolf because they like it a lot
cookie crisp is good and everyone wants it
funny and animated sounds
funny wolf
crunchy
cocoa puffs
younger kids
the bird keeps trying to forget it but he can't
its chocolately and everyone likes it
a bird going crazy
bird
chocolately, coco for cocoa puffs
nerf guns
elementery guns
they use the gun and it "works"
this gun is awesome and it is the best
the dart hitting a wall
kids
long range.
kool - aid singles
anyone
the kids are all enjoying it
this is a healthy and good drink
"Oh Yea!"
big jug juice person
"Oh Yea!"
NBA Live '09
video gamers
the game has great graphics
play video games
basketball fans screaming
baseball fans and baseball
Homerun!




3-12-08
Today Murdock and I started researching the dairy assignment and we copied down the links to articles that we found.
One of the links that we used had 10 pro's and con's of eating too much/too little dairy.
www.milkprocon.org/topten.htm


3-13-08
Enzyme
today i put up my enzyme paragraphs. enjoy!
Nick Westover
Academic Biology, Period 7

In this lab, I learned that the H2O2 reacts not to the meat, but to the blood in the meat. This theory is supported by the fact that when the grape was put into the H2O2, it had no chemical reaction whatsoever. The meat however, bubbled a lot. This is not because of the meat or of any impurities in the meat, it is because of the blood in the meat. You see, red blood cells have a thing called catalase and it reacts to H2O2. I also know that the blood is reacting with the H2O2 because when you would pour H2O2 on your skin, virtually nothing happens. But, when you pour it on an open wound, it has the same effect as the meat thus proving that the reaction is with the blood and not the meat because once the bubbling stopped, I noticed that the meat had no blood left in it.
Digestive enzymes break down the food in the alimentary trace (intestinal tracts). I the process of breaking down these enzymes, they go through several sites.



4-1-08
Diet Analysis
Here's my diet analysis thing and i got my info for the calories and whatnot from http://www.thedailyplate.com/
Day #

What did i eat

breakfast

lunch

dinner


-
-

-

-

Day #1

Main

Cheerios

PB&J and chips

Pizza



amount

1 1/2 cups

1 sandwich and
1 serving of chips

1/5 Pizza



calories

155

190 and 150

320


Fat
2
6 and 9

25



carbs

33

7 and 15

33



protiens

5

7 and 0

18



liquids

Milk (1c)

Water (12 Oz)

Bottle of Dr.
Pepper



-

-

-

-

Day #2

Main

Cheerios
Bologna Sandwich and
apple slices

Hamburger and
Fries



amount

1 1/2 cup

1 sandwich and
1 apple

2 hamburger and an
order of fries


Fat
2
3.5 and 0

80 and 16



calories

155

180 and 55

500 and 200



carbs

33

10 and 0

15 and 26



proteins

5

0 and 3

50 and 3



liquids

Milk (1c)

Peach Tea (12 Oz)

Water (12 Oz)



-

-

-

-

Day #3

Main

Coffee *

Mexican Pizza and fries

Foxes Pizza



amount

12 Oz

1 school pizza and an
order of fries

3 slices



calories

14

100 and 290

178 each


Fat
0
20 and 16
3.6 each



carbs

2.8

5 and 26

21 each



proteins

0

0 and 3

8 each



liquids

See *

Chocolate Milk (12 Oz)

Pepsi (16 Oz)





Food to Energy
When a candle burns you have solid wax melting to liquid wax and liquid wax becoming gaseous wax
Combustion is occuring when the gaseous wax burns
formula for wax = C25H52
energy comes from the bonds from C25H52
To get the energy we need to break the bonds.
Thats where we get the energy.

(In wood, energy comes from the bonds in the Carbs)

Activity #1: Remember the burning candle demonstrated in class. How is this similar to your body using food? How is this not an example of dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis?
1. A. The bonds in your food have to be broken down so that you can get the energy from the food just like combustion.
Protiens broken down into amino acids. Fats are broken into fatty acids and glycerol. Carbohydrates are broken into Glucose.
Glucose is used for energy. Fats are used to store or energy. Proteins can be used for energy but mainly building in your body.
In digestion foods broken into pieces and the pieces are broken into individual parts.
B. This isn't the same as dehydration synthesis because we're not losing water. and its not like hydrolysis because we're just breaking everything
and not just one thing.


Activity #2
Questions:
What is Glycolysis? Respiration
Why are the 6C's breaking apart? Carbon
What is "ATP"? The energy currency. its what energy is in your body. They have easily removeable bonds. easier then glucose
What is FADHP and the other compounds being sent to the Electron transport? They make ATP
What is Crebs Citric Acid Cycle?
What are e2- and what is their importance? Electrons. They become water.
Why is the electron transport in steps? Its the process.
Why is CO2 lost when the C's are broken down?
Why do the 4C's just join with the 2C's?
Is this process a never ending cycle?
Why is there a little black space in the cycle?

respiration is the process of breaking down food into energy
The bonds are broken down slowly that way we can store the materials.
Cell respiration happens in the mitochondria.
The break is one part going to another part (of the cell)
Glycolysis happens outside of the mitocondria.





Agriculture in Different States and Consumer-Driven Agriculture

Different Agricultural Crops:
Corn For Grain
Grown in:
1. Iowa
- Iowa gets an average of 32.8 inches of precipitation annually.
2. Illinois
- Illinois gets an average of 36.5 inches of precipitation annually.
3. Southwestern Minnesota
- Minnesota gets an average of 28 inches of precipitation annually.
4. Eastern Nebraska
- Nebraska gets an average of 23.8 inches of precipitation annually.

All Wheat For Grain
Grown in:
1. Eastern Washington
- Washington gets an average of 42.6 inches of precipitation annually.
2. Northern Montana
- Montana gets an average of 13.8 inches of precipitation annually.
3. North Dakota
- North Dakota gets an average of 16.2 inches of precipitation annually.

Soybeans For Beans
Grown in:
1. Western Minnesota
- Minnesota gets an average of about 28 inches of precipitation annually.
2. Eastern North and South Dakota
- North Dakota gets an average of 16.2 inches of precipitation annually and South Dakota gets an average of 19.8 inches of precipitation annually.
3. Iowa
- Iowa gets an average of 32.8 inches of precipitation annually.
4. Illinois
- Illinois gets an average of 36.5 inches of precipitation annually.
5. Eastern Arkansas
- Arkansas gets an average of 54.8 inches of precipitation annually.

Upland Cotton
Grown in:
1. Southern California
- California gets an average of 17.3 inches of precipitation annually.
2. Southern Arizona
- Arizona gets an average of 12.6 inches of precipitation annually.
3. Northern and Southern Texas
- Texas gets an average of 29 inches of precipitation annually.
4. Eastern Arkansas
- Arkansas gets an average of 54.8 inches of precipitation annually.

Summaries of the Articles:
The article states how over the years the technology used has changed farming and developed them into “better” methods. Also, it goes into discussion on the growing population and the demand for food, which also calls for a larger farm business.

A Mature Market:
This article talks about how the increased income drives Americans to buy foods that were previously just luxuries. This means that they want to eat at more expensive places and with more money, they can afford it. Another bad thing is that the people can buy them when they want. It does say, however, that the higher income groups are more likely to consume better foods rather then pork, beef, eggs or other meat.

A More Diverse Population
In this article, it explains about the etnicity in the ever-growing population. It says there is a greater rise of Hispanics and Asians because of immigration, and non-Hispanic Whites, Blacks, and Native American populations will increase solely because of more births than deaths. With this diversity, different foods will be eaten more often. Hispanics and Asians tend to eat more fruits, nuts, eggs, seeds, and fish over potatoes, dairy, and sugar. Eating preferences will be prominent as more immigrant-based ethnicity shows in our growing population.

More People To Feed
This article simply says that with our ever-growing population, there will be a higher demand for food because there will be more people to feed. With a growing population, more diversity will become prominent, and there will be higher demands of some foods over others based on ethnicity or food preference.

A Different Consumer, A Different Agriculture?
This article basically summarizes the other articles. The demand for farm products will grow with our Nation's population. The only problem with the high demand for farm products is that it may put pressure on our environmentally sensitive agricultural areas. There will be a higher demand for certain foods rather than others because of the diversity that grows with the population. Also, the increasing income will have a larger impact on quality and variety of foods than on quantity. Because of demands of quality, it will transform farming and make it become more sophisticated over time. Food suppliers are finding new ways to get food consumers to buy their product with business and technology links.


Treehugger Article:
I don't agree with this article in the thought that we should eat less food. although the food that we would save would potentially go to other less fortunate people, we have to think to ourselves: "How much food on this planet that goes into cars can go into people?" Well, 55 tons of grain a year goes into producing ethanol fuels so just think how many more people a year could be fed if the fuel didn't go to ethanol. I mean yes, we do need to find alternative fuel source, that food source shouldn't be sent to cars, it should be used on other people.


This link will take you to Mine and Murdock's Madakda named "lil' Ging"